The composer and painter Leon Schidlowsky was born on 21 July 1931 in Santiago de Chile. Schidlowsky pursued his secondary studies at the Instituto Nacional de Chile in Santiago from 1940-47 and studied the piano with Roberto Duncker at the Conservatorio Nacional de Chile in Santiago from 1942-48. He later studied composition with Adolfo Allende and Fré Focke, as well as harmony, philosophy and psychology at the Universidad de Chile in Santiago from 1948-52. He completed his studies in Germany at the Nordwestdeutsche Musikakademie Detmold (läter Hochschule für Müsik Detmold) from 1952-54. After his return to Chile he was a member of the avantgarde ensemble Grupo Tonus in Santiago and served as its director from 1958-61. In 1956 Schidlowsky produce Nacimiento (Birth), considered the first electroacustic work composed in Chile and Latin America. Between 1956 and 1959 he was member of the British Council and between 1956 and 1961 a musical adviser of the pantomime ensemble Grupo Noiswander. He served as director of the music library at the Instituto de Extención Musical, Chilean University in 1961-62 and as secretary-general of the Asociación Nacional de Compositores from 1961-63. He also served as director-general of the Instituto de Extención Musical from 1962-66. In 1964 he was, together with Luigi Dallapiccola and Alberto Ginastera, a member of the jury in a composers' competition in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The same year he took part in the music symposium “Latin America and the music of our time” (América Latina y la música de nuestros tiempos) in Lima, Peru. In 1965, Schidlowsky was appointed Professor of Composition at the Conservatorio Nacional. In 1966 he participated in the Inter-American Festival in Washington D.C., USA, as well as the Festival Interamericano de Música in Caracas, Venezuela. In 1967 he took part in the Festival of Music from Spain and Latin America, in Madrid, Spain. He participated in the “Festival of the Three Worlds” in Mérida, Venezuela in 1968, with lectures and discussions with the composers Krzyztof Penderecki and Luigi Nono. In the same year he received a Guggenheim Fellowship in order to write an opera, which he completed in Germany. In 1969, he was appointed Professor for Composition and Music Theory at the Samuel Rubin Academy of Music at Tel Aviv University. In 1979 he was granted a Sabbatical Year, which he spent in Hamburg. Schidlowsky received several fellowships from the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD), and stayed in Berlin for various periods (1980-81; 1992-93; 1999-2000), where he composed and painted. In 1999 his wife Susanne died in Berlin and she was buried in Tel Aviv. Leon Schidlowsky participated in several Festivals of music in America and Europe and received numerous honours and prizes, such as the First Prize in the 60th anniversary competition of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (1996, for Absalom), and the ACUM Prize (2000, for his entire oeuvre), which is given by the Israel Composers Association. He receives the Engel Prize for his original work and the investigation of Jewish music, given from the city of Tel Aviv in June 2007. Leon Schidlowsky has given various courses in Composition in several countries; and he has helped to form and influence a whole generation of composers in Israel. His works have been played in numerous countries, such as Germany, Argentina, Chile, USA, France, Holland, England, Israel, Italy, Venezuela, with different orchestras under conductors such as Aldo Ceccatto, Errico Fresis, C. Gottwald, Robin Griton, Juan Pablo Izquierdo, E. Karkoschka, Herbert Kegel, L. Foss, Zubin Mehta, Hermann Scherchen, Ingo Schulz and K. Vetter.